skip navigation


Register for Latest Research

Stay Informed
Register with NCJRS to receive NCJRS's biweekly e-newsletter JUSTINFO and additional periodic emails from NCJRS and the NCJRS federal sponsors that highlight the latest research published or sponsored by the Office of Justice Programs.

NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Virtual Library collection. To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the Virtual Library. See the Obtain Documents page for direction on how to access resources online, via mail, through interlibrary loans, or in a local library.


NCJ Number: 227761 Find in a Library
Title: Role of Local Police: Striking a Balance Between Immigration Enforcement and Civil Liberties
Corporate Author: Police Foundation
United States of America
Date Published: April 2009
Page Count: 256
Sponsoring Agency: Police Foundation
Washington, DC 20036
Publication Number: ISBN 1-884614-23-X
Sale Source: Police Foundation
1201 Connecticut Avenue, NW
Washington, DC 20036
United States of America
Document: PDF
Type: Program/Project Description
Format: Book (Softbound)
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This report presents the findings from focus group meetings held across the Country, a national conference, surveys, and scholarly papers prepared specifically for this project, detailing the perspectives and insights of law enforcement practitioners directly impacted by the enforcement of immigration.
Abstract: In 1996, Congress passed legislation expanding the role of local law enforcement in Federal immigration enforcement resulting in the well-known U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement's (ICE) 287 (g) program that authorizes Federal officials to enter into written agreements with State and local law enforcement agencies to carry out the functions of immigration officers. However, law enforcement agencies have expressed concern in participating in immigration enforcement efforts, as well as the impact on local law enforcement, with already strained State and local resources. In response to these concerns, the Police Foundation launched a national effort to examine the implications of local law enforcement participation. Highlights of recommendations resulting from this effort include: (1) the costs of participating in the U.S. Customs Enforcement’s (ICE) 287(g) program outweigh the benefits; (2) police officers should be prohibited from arresting and detaining persons to solely investigate immigration status in the absence of probable cause of an independent State criminal law violation; (3) local and State authorities participating in Federal immigration enforcement activities should develop policies and procedures for monitoring racial profiling and abuse of authority; and (4) there is a need for empirical research on ICE’s 287(g) program and other methods of police collaboration with Federal immigration authorities; and (5) local law enforcement leaders and policing organizations should place pressure on the Federal government to comprehensively improve border security and reform the immigration system. The report contains 15 appendices, including a focus group summary, select conference presentations, and research on the rights of undocumented immigrants and the legal framework for the enforcement of immigration laws, demographics, immigration and criminality, evaluation of federal efforts to collaborate with local police on immigration enforcement (287(g) program), a national survey of law enforcement executives on immigration issues and local policing, the experience of undocumented youth, and a survey of law enforcement executives attending the foundation conference about their views on local immigration enforcement issues. 41 references
Main Term(s): Police policies and procedures
Index Term(s): Community involvement; Community relations; Immigrants/Aliens; Immigration offenses; Police responsibilities; Police-minority relations
Note: See NCJ 227762 for the Executive Summary. Downloaded July 28, 2009
To cite this abstract, use the following link:

*A link to the full-text document is provided whenever possible. For documents not available online, a link to the publisher's website is provided. Tell us how you use the NCJRS Library and Abstracts Database - send us your feedback.