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NCJ Number: 227766 Find in a Library
Title: Resumption of Smoking After Release From a Tobacco-Free Correctional Facility
Journal: Journal of Correctional Health Care  Volume:15  Issue:3  Dated:July 2009  Pages:190-196
Author(s): Thomas Lincoln M.D.; Robert W. Tuthill Ph.D.; Cheryl A. Roberts M.P.A.; Sofia Kennedy M.P.H.; Theodore M. Hammett Ph.D.; Elizabeth Langmore-Avila M.A., D.T.R.; Thomas J. Conklin M.D.
Date Published: July 2009
Page Count: 7
Sponsoring Agency: Baystate Medical Center
Springfield, MA 01199
Ctr's for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)
Atlanta, GA 30333
Hampden County Sheriff's Dept
Ludlow, MA 01056
National Institute of Justice (NIJ)
Washington, DC 20531
Open Society Foundation
New York, NY 10019
Type: Research (Applied/Empirical)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This study sought to assess inmate cigarette smoking behavior at intake and whether involuntary smoking cessation led to abstinence from smoking after release back into the community.
Abstract: Results of this study indicate that self-reported sustained abstinence rates were 37.3 percent at the end of the first day, 17.7 percent for the first week, 13.7 percent for 1 month, and 3.1 percent for 6 months. These abstinence rates were lower than those reported after military basic training and medical hospitalization but similar to rates after inpatient psychiatric and addiction programs. The smoking rates among incarcerated inmates have been estimated to be as high as 70 percent, which is well above the 21 percent rate for the total United States population. However, many facilities prohibit smoking, but no published study has measured the relapse to tobacco after release. The Hampden County Correctional Center (HCCC) emphasizes early detection, education, prevention, appropriate treatment, and continuity of care, a public health model of correctional healthcare. As part of an evaluation of the impact of the program on healthcare and behavior postrelease, 200 participating inmates with chronic medical conditions were interviewed on day 3 of their incarceration and again 1 month and 6 months after their return to the community. This provided an opportunity to assess their cigarette smoking behavior at intake and whether involuntary smoking cessation led to abstinence from smoking after release back into the community. Figure, table, notes, and references
Main Term(s): Tobacco use
Index Term(s): Behavior modification; Individual behavior; Inmate health; Inmate Programs; Inmates; Post-release programs; Prison smoking policies; Unit management
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