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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 227776 Find in a Library
Title: LGB and Questioning Students in Schools: The Moderating Effects of Homophobic Bullying and School Climate on Negative Outcomes
Journal: Journal of Youth and Adolescence  Volume:38  Issue:7  Dated:August 2009  Pages:989-1000
Author(s): Michelle Birkett; Dorothy L. Espelage; Brian Koenig
Date Published: August 2009
Page Count: 12
Type: Research (Applied/Empirical)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This study examined how school contextual factors, such as homophobic victimization and school climate influenced negative outcomes in lesbian, gay, and bisexual (LGB) and questioning middle school students.
Abstract: This study demonstrated that the high rates of negative outcomes for lesbian, gay, and bisexual (LGB) and questioning students might be preventable with a positive school climate and absence of homophobic teasing. All the children in the study, regardless of sexual orientation reported the lowest levels of depression/suicidality, the lowest levels of alcohol/marijuana use, and the lowest levels of truancy when in a positive school climate and when not experiencing homophobic teasing. It was suggested that schools with low homophobic teasing and a positive school climate would drastically reduce the prevalence of negative outcomes in LGB youth. The vast amount of negative outcomes in LGB and questioning youth and the preliminary literature on homophobic school climates require a better understanding of the school environment and its role in either protecting or harming students. This study of 7,376 seventh and eighth grade students from a large Midwestern county, examined how school contextual factors, such as school climate and homophobic teasing affect drug use, depression/suicidality, and truancy among LGB, sexually questioning, and heterosexual youth. Table, figures, and references
Main Term(s): Psychological victimization effects
Index Term(s): Adolescent females; Adolescent males; Adolescent victims; Adolescents at risk; Bisexuality; Bullying; Homosexuality; Homosexuality-crime relationships; School influences on crime; Schools; Students; Victimization
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