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NCJ Number: 227787 Find in a Library
Title: Characteristics of Indian Youth and Drug Use
Journal: American Indian and Alaska Native Mental Health Research  Volume:5  Issue:1  Dated:1992  Pages:51-67
Author(s): Fred Beauvais Ph.D.
Date Published: 1992
Page Count: 17
Document: HTML
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This article reviews the theories of why American Indian youth are more likely to be involved with drugs than other American youth, identifying risk factors that must be addressed in efforts to prevent alcohol and drug use among Indian youth.
Abstract: The studies reported in this volume have examined the following factors possibly related to alcohol and drug use among American Indian youth: associations with drug-using peers, deviance, lack of family closeness and family sanctions against drug use, age when experiencing the first drunk, school maladjustment, positive attitudes toward alcohol use, the risk of dropping out of school, father absent from the home, depression, anxiety, low self-esteem, and lack of strong identification with religion. Aspects of emotional distress had such low correlations with drug use that they were eliminated from further analyses. This left a number of risk factors directly related to the chances that a youth would use alcohol or drugs. Having two or three of the risk factors, regardless of their characteristics, increased considerably the chances of an Indian youth’s getting drunk or using marijuana, but increased the chances of using other drugs only moderately. With each increase in the number of risk factors above two or three, the chances of heavy drug use increased greatly. Among youth with five or more risk factors, less than 2 percent remained entirely drug free. This article divides the risk factors into two broad categories for the purpose of preventing drug use by Indian youth: community characteristics that create an environment conducive to the promotion of drug use, and personal and social characteristics that increase the risk for individual Indian youth to use drugs. In order to reduce the demand for drugs, it will be necessary to attack the problem on both levels. 2 figures and 2 references
Main Term(s): Juvenile drug use
Index Term(s): American Indians; Crime causes theory; Drug abuse causes; Drug prevention programs; Juvenile delinquency theory
Note: For other articles in this issue, see NCJ-227782-86.
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