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NCJ Number: 227817 Find in a Library
Title: Reconsidering the Relationship Between Race and Crime: Positive and Negative Predictors of Crime Among African American Youth
Journal: Journal of Research in Crime and Delinquency  Volume:46  Issue:3  Dated:August 2009  Pages:327-352
Author(s): Bradley R. Entner Wright; C. Wesley Younts
Date Published: August 2009
Page Count: 26
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This study examined a cross-canceling, mediated model of the effect of race on crime.
Abstract: Results found evidence of positive mediators, those that increase crime among African-Americans, and negative mediators, those that decrease it. Significant positive mediators included: less education, less marriage, broken homes, unconventional means, lower social class, approval of crime, and poor neighborhood quality. Negative mediators included: religiosity, family ties, value of education and employment, moral beliefs, and alcohol use. Findings have various implications for this study of crime; they identify an issue in need of more research, including, finding the factors that lead racial minorities to commit fewer crime than Whites. Using individual-level data, this issue should be analyzed more broadly, considering cultural or macro-social conditions that likewise decrease crime by African-Americans. This analysis could also be applied to other racial and ethnic groups which exhibit similar mediated linkages to criminal behavior. Data were collected from the National Youth Survey (NYS) collected in its first, sixth, and seventh waves on 1,314 respondents aged 11 to 27. Tables, figure, appendix, and references
Main Term(s): Black/African Americans; Race-crime relationships
Index Term(s): Behavioral and Social Sciences; Crime Causes; Criminality prediction; Educational levels; Ethnic groups; Family structure; Family support; Group behavior; Individual behavior; Problem behavior; Race relations; Social change; Social classes; Social conditions; Success factors
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