skip navigation


Register for Latest Research

Stay Informed
Register with NCJRS to receive NCJRS's biweekly e-newsletter JUSTINFO and additional periodic emails from NCJRS and the NCJRS federal sponsors that highlight the latest research published or sponsored by the Office of Justice Programs.

NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Virtual Library collection. To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the Virtual Library. See the Obtain Documents page for direction on how to access resources online, via mail, through interlibrary loans, or in a local library.


NCJ Number: 227818 Find in a Library
Title: Reconsidering the Effect of Self-Control and Delinquent Peers: Implications of Measurement for Theoretical Significance
Journal: Journal of Research in Crime and Delinquency  Volume:46  Issue:3  Dated:August 2009  Pages:353-376
Author(s): Ryan C. Meldrum; Jacob T.N. Young; Frank M. Weerman
Date Published: August 2009
Page Count: 24
Sponsoring Agency: Netherlands Organization for Scientific Research (NWO)
2509 AC, Den Haag, Netherlands
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This study examined the effect sizes of self-control and the two measures of delinquent peers cross-sectionally and longitudinally.
Abstract: Results found that self-control had a larger effect on self-reported delinquency than delinquent peers when a more precise measure of delinquent peers was considered, garnering more support for self-control theory than social learning theory. At the same time, however, the results also suggest that an integrated model including concepts from the two theories might prove to be fruitful. However, a moderate effect of peer delinquency (and time spent with peers) remained, indicating that self-control as the single explanation of crime is an overstatement. Partial support for the secondary hypothesis of an interaction between self-control and peer delinquency was also found. Specifically, the longitudinal interaction analysis indicates that the deterrent effect of self-control weakens as peer delinquency increases, and the facilitating effect of peer delinquency strengthens as self-control increases. Data were collected from the NSCR School Project, a Netherlands-based study that focuses on peer network formation, personal development, and school intervention in the development of problem behavior and delinquency. Tables, figure, appendix A-B, notes, and references
Main Term(s): Juvenile delinquency prediction; Peer influences on behavior
Index Term(s): Behavior modification; Behavior patterns; Behavior under stress; Behavioral and Social Sciences; Juvenile Delinquent behavior; Juvenile self concept; Netherlands; Psychological theories; Risk taking behavior; Self concept; Self evaluation; Social Learning
To cite this abstract, use the following link:

*A link to the full-text document is provided whenever possible. For documents not available online, a link to the publisher's website is provided. Tell us how you use the NCJRS Library and Abstracts Database - send us your feedback.