skip navigation


Register for Latest Research

Stay Informed
Register with NCJRS to receive NCJRS's biweekly e-newsletter JUSTINFO and additional periodic emails from NCJRS and the NCJRS federal sponsors that highlight the latest research published or sponsored by the Office of Justice Programs.

NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Virtual Library collection. To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the Virtual Library. See the Obtain Documents page for direction on how to access resources online, via mail, through interlibrary loans, or in a local library.


NCJ Number: 227819 Find in a Library
Title: Gendered Transitions: Within-Person Changes in Employment, Family, and Illicit Drug Use
Journal: Journal of Research in Crime and Delinquency  Volume:46  Issue:3  Dated:August 2009  Pages:372-408
Author(s): Melissa Thompson; Milena Petrovic
Date Published: August 2009
Page Count: 32
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This study examined gender differences between men's and women's changing likelihood of illicit drug use over the life course.
Abstract: Results found significant gender differences between men's and women's changing likelihood of illicit drug use over the life course. In particular, models of within-person change show that although getting married may be an important hook for change for men, it has little impact on women's illicit drug use. Instead, the strength and importance of a relationship with a significant other is particularly well suited to inform social policy by pointing out significant hooks for change. Results imply that policy use might consider gendered interventions. For example, a social policy strengthening relationships appears to be particularly important for reducing women's illicit drug use. For men, perhaps the emphasis would be better placed on increasing the appeal and influence of employment. Because several factors were found that had different effects on men's and women's substance use, it is suggested that social policy and criminological theory put forth more effort into understanding how gender moderates the effects of various social and economic influences. Data were collected from the National Youth Survey (NYS) in which a nationally representative probability sample of 1,725 youth, aged 11 to 17 years, were interviewed in 1976 and followed-up annually through 1980, and again in 1983 and 1986. Table, appendix, notes, and references
Main Term(s): Drug use; Male female offender comparisons
Index Term(s): Behavior modification; Behavior patterns; Behavioral and Social Sciences; Criminology; Drug abuse causes; Employment-crime relationships; Individual behavior; Public Opinion of Drug Abuse; Risk taking behavior; Social conditions; Unemployment
To cite this abstract, use the following link:

*A link to the full-text document is provided whenever possible. For documents not available online, a link to the publisher's website is provided. Tell us how you use the NCJRS Library and Abstracts Database - send us your feedback.