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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 227820 Find in a Library
Title: Parenting Styles and Health-Related Behavior in Childhood and Early Adolescence: Results of a Longitudinal Study
Journal: Journal of Early Adolescence  Volume:29  Issue:4  Dated:August 2009  Pages:449-475
Author(s): Arnold Lohaus; Marc Vierhaus; Juliane Ball
Date Published: August 2009
Page Count: 27
Sponsoring Agency: German Research Foundation (Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft )
53175 Bonn, Germany
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This study examined the development of childhood health-related behavior as it related to an authoritative parenting style in Germany.
Abstract: Results indicate that the general developmental trajectories of positive and negative health-related behavior show an increase of positive and negative health-related behavior for the younger sample ranging from grades two to five. The older sample, ranging from grades four to seven was characterized by an increase in negative and a decrease in positive health-related behavior. Therefore, the focus of early interventions should be on early health-related behavior patterns (like nutrition, physical activity, etc.) as well as on variables related to these behavior patterns (like parenting styles). Most of the current prevention programs do not attempt to affect the perception, appraisal, or behavior of significant others like parents. The study also highlights the father's role in the development of health-enhancing or health-maintaining behavior in the transition from childhood to adolescence. An increase of negative health-related behavior and a decrease of positive health-related behavior may be normative; however, an early focus on health behavior and perceived parenting as a related influential variable could lead to a substantially reduced level of problematic health behavior and could be associated with substantial health promotion in later age groups. Data were collected from 2 samples: the first sample consisted of 432 students (grades 2 through 5), and 366 students (grades 4 through 7) in 15 German elementary schools of 1 administrative region. Tables, figures, and references
Main Term(s): Behavior patterns; Germany
Index Term(s): Acting out behavior; Behavior modification; Behavioral and Social Sciences; Family structure; Family support; Individual behavior; Mental health; Nonviolent behavior; Parental attitudes; Parental influence; Problem behavior; Youth development
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