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NCJ Number: 227821 Find in a Library
Title: Ethnic Identity in African American and European American Preadolescents: Relation to Self-Worth, Social Goals, and Aggression
Journal: Journal of Early Adolescence  Volume:29  Issue:4  Dated:August 2009  Pages:476-496
Author(s): Khiela J. Holmes; John E. Lochman
Date Published: August 2009
Page Count: 21
Sponsoring Agency: Ctr's for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)
Atlanta, GA 30333
National Institute of Justice (NIJ)
Washington, DC 20531
National Institute on Drug Abuse
Bethesda, MD 20892-9561
SAMHSA Ctr for Substance Abuse Prevention (CSAP)
Rockville, MD 20847
Grant Number: R49/CCR418569;R01 DA08453;R01 DA16135;2000CKWX0091;KD1 SP08633;UR6 5907956
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This study tested models to determine if self-worth and social goals mediated the influence of ethnic identity on aggression among European and African-American preadolescents.
Abstract: Results indicate that under certain conditions, preadolescent ethnic identity, self-worth, and social goals were found to relate to aggression; key patterns were found. Findings suggest that ethnic identity may be a significant construct for both European and African-American preadolescents, but operate differently for these two different populations. African-American preadolescents had higher aggression scores than European American preadolescents, as reported by their teachers. Forty-two percent of African-American youth compared to 16 percent of European American children, live below the Federal poverty line. Daily environmental obstacles serve as risk factors to delinquent behaviors observed among some minority children. Experiences of racial discrimination are also associated with violent behaviors among African-American youth. African-American youth who live in neighborhoods with high rates of gang activity and delinquency are more likely to display aggressive behaviors. Findings may have important implications for prevention or intervention programs for aggressive African-American and European-American preadolescents. Data were collected from 157 students between the ages of 9 and 13 across 26 schools. Tables, figures, and references
Main Term(s): Ethnicity; US/foreign comparisons
Index Term(s): Aggression; Behavior patterns; Behavior under stress; Behavioral and Social Sciences; Behavioral science research; Black/African Americans; Black/White Attitude Comparisons; Class discrimination; Discrimination; European Union; Foreign countries; Foreign organizations; Individual behavior; Juvenile Delinquent behavior; Minorities; Problem behavior; Racial discrimination; Risk taking behavior; Violent-nonviolent behavior comparisons
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