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NCJ Number: 227825 Find in a Library
Title: Bullying and Victimization Among Boys and Girls in Middle School: The Influence of Perceived Family and School Contexts
Journal: Journal of Early Adolescence  Volume:29  Issue:4  Dated:August 2009  Pages:571-609
Author(s): Christine M. Wienke Totura; Carol MacKinnon-Lewis; Ellis L. Gesten; Ray Gadd; Katherine P. Divine; Sherri Dunham; Dimitra Kamboukos
Date Published: August 2009
Page Count: 39
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This study examined how the relations among emotionality and bullying and victimization varied as a consequence of middle school students' perceived experiences within their families and schools.
Abstract: Results show significant associations between emotionality, bullying, and perceptions of family and school environments, with particular differences emerging between boys and girls. The findings indicated that internalizing and externalizing difficulties, along with many of the context-related factors (academic performance) and student assessments of contextual moderator variables (family functioning and school environment and climate factors), were associated with students' engagement in and experience of bullying and victimization by their peers. The extent to which maladaptive peer relations were associated with individual emotional and behavioral difficulties appears to be influenced by the environmental factors that adolescents reportedly experience. However, these associations varied by gender, in that, different patterns of factors were associated with the likelihood of girls being a bully or victim versus boys. Data were collected from 1,474 students from suburban or rural regions; teachers provided completed behavior rating scales on each student in the sample. Tables, figures, notes, and references
Main Term(s): Bullying; Male female victim comparisons
Index Term(s): Behavior patterns; Behavior under stress; Behavioral and Social Sciences; Behavioral science research; Environmental influences; Family structure; Home environment; Individual behavior; Juvenile Delinquent behavior; Peer influences on behavior; Problem behavior; Students; Victimization risk; Victimization surveys
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