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NCJ Number: 227852 Find in a Library
Title: Producing Contradictory Masculine Subject Positions: Narratives of Threat, Homophobia and Bullying in 11-14 Year Old Boys
Journal: Journal of Social Issues  Volume:59  Issue:1  Dated:2003  Pages:179-195
Author(s): Ann Phoenix; Stephen Frosh; Rob Pattman
Date Published: 2003
Page Count: 17
Sponsoring Agency: British Economic and Social Research Council
Grant Number: L129251015
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This qualitative analysis of data from a study of masculinity in 11-14-year-old boys attending 12 London (England) schools focused on their experiences of feeling threatened by daily practices in school and their experiences of bullying associated with homophobia.
Abstract: The study found that homophobic name-calling provided a quick, easy way for boys to claim masculinity. For this reason, many boys believe it is important to use homophobic abuse of targeted boys to confirm and strengthen their own masculine status. The study also found that homophobia was linked to the need to distinguish between masculine and feminine traits as a frame of reference for achieving masculine status. The boys went to great lengths to avoid being labeled "gay." Apparently, anxiety about not being masculine enough to pass the test for masculinity is a significant issue for many boys. Thus, the study indicates that boys experience schools as threatening environments where they feel constantly measured by their compliance with masculine traits. The boys reported that teachers in the schools in which the study was conducted did not view homophobic name calling as bullying, so no sanctions were imposed on those who did it. Teachers must be trained to address this issue constructively, since this pervasive anxiety among boys can impede positive adjustment in the school environment. Regarding research methodology, the study found that the boys were generally more serious and willing to reveal their emotions in individual interviews compared with group interviews. Forty-five group discussions were held with 245 boys, and 2 individual interviews were conducted with each of 78 boys. 40 references
Main Term(s): Juvenile self concept
Index Term(s): Adolescent attitudes; Bullying; Discrimination against homosexuals; England; Foreign criminal justice research; School maladjustment; Self concept
Note: For other articles in this issue, see NCJ-227844-51.
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