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NCJ Number: 227866 Find in a Library
Title: Social Disadvantage and Family Violence: Neighborhood Effects on Attitudes About Intimate Partner Violence and Corporal Punishment
Journal: American Journal of Criminal Justice  Volume:33  Issue:1  Dated:Spring 2009  Pages:130-147
Author(s): Deeanna M. Button
Date Published: 2008
Page Count: 18
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: Using data from the Norfolk Police Department (Virginia) for 2000-2004, the 2000 Census, and 2006 Norfolk Residents' Attitudes About Crime Survey, this study examined the influence of neighborhood and individual factors on residents' attitudes about intimate partner violence and corporal punishment of children.
Abstract: The study found that individuals who approved of aggression between intimate partners were likely to support aggressive discipline strategies for children. Also, approval of intimate partner violence varied by level of crime within a neighborhood, but did not vary by level of perceived social disorder. This suggests that attitudes are not necessarily shaped by the lack of perceived social control within an area; rather, attitudes may be influenced by the existence of actual crime. Individuals who live in neighborhoods with increased violent activity may by more likely to accept violence and aggression as normal behavior. Social-control agents should be aware that neighborhood crime is a risk factor for violence within the families that live in those neighborhoods. Support for the physical punishment of children did not vary by neighborhood crime levels, but did differ by level of perceived social disorder. Those who live in high-crime neighborhoods are no more likely to approve of spanking than those who live in low-crime neighborhoods; however, in communities perceived by residents as socially disordered, the use of corporal punishment to manage children is viewed more favorably. Perhaps parents living in such neighborhoods fear the loss of control over their own children. Attitudes toward family violence (approval of intimate partner violence and corporal punishment of children) did not differ by residents' perceived level of collective efficacy. Since collective efficacy is based on the sharing of comparable values and ideals, when those shared values include acceptance of family violence, then collective efficacy exists, but with negative effects. 5 tables and 59 references
Main Term(s): Criminology
Index Term(s): Aggression; Child abuse causes; Corporal punishment; Domestic assault; Domestic violence causes; Neighborhood; Public Opinion of Crime; Violence; Virginia
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