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NCJ Number: 227880 Find in a Library
Title: Pretrial Risk Assessment and Case Classification: A Case Study
Journal: Federal Probation  Volume:73  Issue:1  Dated:June 2009  Pages:12-22
Author(s): Keith Cooprider
Date Published: June 2009
Page Count: 11
Document: HTML
Type: Case Study
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This article reports on the experiences of the Lake County Pretrial Services Program (Illinois) in the development and implementation of an objective, independent measure of risk in determining conditions for the pretrial management of defendants granted pretrial release into the community.
Abstract: The Lake County Pretrial Risk Assessment Instrument (LCPRAI) was adapted from the Virginia Pretrial Risk Assessment Instrument. The Virginia Model is a research-based, statistically validated pretrial-specific risk assessment tool that provides a standardized foundation for making consistent and uniform bond recommendations. The scale does not make a recommendation per se, but rather identifies the degree or level of pretrial failure risk that can than be factored into the bond recommendation decision. The second aim of risk assessment was to establish a case classification system that would prioritize bond supervision in conjunction with the measured level of risk. Training in the appropriate use of the LCPRAI is an essential part of its successful application. Proper scoring, use, and interpretation of the instrument scores are essential for ensuring the instrument's validity and reliability. An assessment of the application of the risk-assessment instrument found that disparity in bond decisions was reduced, and non-cash pretrial release increased. In facilitating the matching of pretrial supervision in the community to a defendant's risk assessment, the cost effectiveness of pretrial supervision increased. Pretrial misconduct and failure to appear for pretrial hearings and trial were reduced and at a lower cost than before the risk-assessment instrument was in place. 5 tables and 3 references
Main Term(s): Corrections policies
Index Term(s): Bail bonds; Bail/Financial Release; Decisionmaking; Illinois; Pretrial procedures; Pretrial programs; Pretrial release; Pretrial services agencies; Risk management; Threat assessment
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