skip navigation

PUBLICATIONS

Register for Latest Research

Stay Informed
Register with NCJRS to receive NCJRS's biweekly e-newsletter JUSTINFO and additional periodic emails from NCJRS and the NCJRS federal sponsors that highlight the latest research published or sponsored by the Office of Justice Programs.

NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Virtual Library collection. To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the Virtual Library. See the Obtain Documents page for direction on how to access resources online, via mail, through interlibrary loans, or in a local library.

 

NCJ Number: 227913 Find in a Library
Title: Tale of Two Counties: The Impact of Pretrial Release, Race, and Ethnicity Upon Sentencing Decisions
Journal: Criminal Justice Studies: A Critical Journal of Crime, Law and Society  Volume:22  Issue:2  Dated:June 2009  Pages:203-221
Author(s): Christine Tartaro; Christopher M. Sedelmaier
Date Published: June 2009
Page Count: 19
Publisher: http://www.routledge.com 
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This study examined whether the interaction between race and ethnicity and pretrial release was an important predictor of sentence type and incarceration length.
Abstract: The results only partially support the research indicating direct sentencing disadvantages for minority defendants. These data indicate that while African-Americans and Hispanics who were subject to pretrial detention in Dade County were more likely to receive a period of incarceration as a sentence, African-Americans who were subjected to pretrial detention in Orange County were actually less likely to be sentenced to incarceration. Significant differences between the counties suggest that smaller-scale studies have the potential to uncover local and regional variations within State criminal justice systems that multi-state studies fail to capture. In an attempt to detect whether pretrial release remains a significant predictor of sentence type and length, this study analyzed a sample of felony filings in two Florida counties (Orange and Dade) during 1998. Two dependent variables were considered: type of sentence and the actual length of incarceration. The study was specifically interested in whether pretrial release had a differential impact on Hispanic and non-White defendants compared to Whites. Tables and references
Main Term(s): Pretrial release
Index Term(s): Black/African Americans; Florida; Hispanic Americans; Judicial decisions; Judicial discretion; Race-punishment relationship; Racial discrimination; Sentencing disparity; Sentencing/Sanctions
To cite this abstract, use the following link:
http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=249924

*A link to the full-text document is provided whenever possible. For documents not available online, a link to the publisher's website is provided. Tell us how you use the NCJRS Library and Abstracts Database - send us your feedback.