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NCJ Number: 227913 Find in a Library
Title: Tale of Two Counties: The Impact of Pretrial Release, Race, and Ethnicity Upon Sentencing Decisions
Journal: Criminal Justice Studies: A Critical Journal of Crime, Law and Society  Volume:22  Issue:2  Dated:June 2009  Pages:203-221
Author(s): Christine Tartaro; Christopher M. Sedelmaier
Date Published: June 2009
Page Count: 19
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This study examined whether the interaction between race and ethnicity and pretrial release was an important predictor of sentence type and incarceration length.
Abstract: The results only partially support the research indicating direct sentencing disadvantages for minority defendants. These data indicate that while African-Americans and Hispanics who were subject to pretrial detention in Dade County were more likely to receive a period of incarceration as a sentence, African-Americans who were subjected to pretrial detention in Orange County were actually less likely to be sentenced to incarceration. Significant differences between the counties suggest that smaller-scale studies have the potential to uncover local and regional variations within State criminal justice systems that multi-state studies fail to capture. In an attempt to detect whether pretrial release remains a significant predictor of sentence type and length, this study analyzed a sample of felony filings in two Florida counties (Orange and Dade) during 1998. Two dependent variables were considered: type of sentence and the actual length of incarceration. The study was specifically interested in whether pretrial release had a differential impact on Hispanic and non-White defendants compared to Whites. Tables and references
Main Term(s): Pretrial release
Index Term(s): Black/African Americans; Florida; Hispanic Americans; Judicial decisions; Judicial discretion; Race-punishment relationship; Racial discrimination; Sentencing disparity; Sentencing/Sanctions
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