skip navigation


Register for Latest Research

Stay Informed
Register with NCJRS to receive NCJRS's biweekly e-newsletter JUSTINFO and additional periodic emails from NCJRS and the NCJRS federal sponsors that highlight the latest research published or sponsored by the Office of Justice Programs.

NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Virtual Library collection. To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the Virtual Library. See the Obtain Documents page for direction on how to access resources online, via mail, through interlibrary loans, or in a local library.


NCJ Number: 227916 Find in a Library
Title: Gender-Specific Effects of Social Influences and Competence on Lifetime Poly-Drug Use Among Inner-City Adolescents
Journal: Journal of Child and Adolescent Substance Abuse  Volume:18  Issue:3  Dated:July 2009  Pages:243-256
Author(s): Jennifer A. Epstein; Gilbert J. Botvin; Margaret Doyle
Date Published: July 2009
Page Count: 14
Sponsoring Agency: National Cancer Institute
Bethesda, MD 20592
National Institute on Drug Abuse
Bethesda, MD 20892-9561
Grant Number: 1 R03 DA 12432;1 R18 CA 39280
Type: Research (Applied/Empirical)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: The relationship of social influences to use drugs and competence variables with lifetime poly-drug use for inner-city adolescents was examined.
Abstract: Social influence and competence variables were associated with having ever used two or more drugs among racial/ethnic minority adolescents residing in inner-city regions. Friends' drinking, friends' smoking, and permissive or ambivalent parental attitudes toward drinking were positively related to poly-drug use across and within gender. Low self-efficacy was positively associated with poly-drug use across gender. Boys who believed that smoking was prevalent among their peers were more likely to engage in poly-drug use. This association did not occur in girls. Girls who believed their friends were against smoking engaged in poly-drug use less frequently. The etiology of drug use among inner-city minority adolescents continues to be an understudied area. Examining theoretically derived models relevant to adolescent drug use may aid in the development and refinement of effective prevention approaches. This study examined social influences to use drugs and competence factors as concurrent predictors of poly-drug use in adolescents, particularly ethnic minority youths who reside in the inner city. The same model was tested separately for boys and girls. The study consisted of 2,400 6th and 7th graders in inner-city schools. Table and references
Main Term(s): Adolescent chemical dependency
Index Term(s): Adolescent attitudes; Adolescent females; Adolescent males; Adolescents at risk; Gender issues; Juvenile drug abusers; Tobacco use; Underage Drinking; Urban area studies
To cite this abstract, use the following link:

*A link to the full-text document is provided whenever possible. For documents not available online, a link to the publisher's website is provided. Tell us how you use the NCJRS Library and Abstracts Database - send us your feedback.