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NCJ Number: 227922 Find in a Library
Title: Exposure to Violent Crime During Incarceration: Effects on Psychological Adjustment Following Release
Journal: Criminal Justice and Behavior  Volume:36  Issue:8  Dated:August 2009  Pages:793-807
Author(s): Paul Boxer; Keesha Middlemass; Tahlia Delorenzo
Date Published: August 2009
Page Count: 15
Sponsoring Agency: Rutgers University
New Brunswick, NJ 08903
Type: Research (Applied/Empirical)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This study examined the effect of exposure to violent crime while incarcerated on longer term psychological adjustment following release in violent and nonviolent offenders released to an urban community.
Abstract: Consistent with prior findings exposure to violence while incarcerated was associated with indicators of adjustment. After controlling for exposure outside of incarceration, exposure to violent crime while incarcerated accounted for significant variation in multivariate composites indicating antisocial behavior and emotional distress. The results of this study add to the existing literature by suggesting that these experiences could have sustained harmful psychological effects well beyond release from prison or jail. This suggests that attending carefully to the context of exposure should be a central feature of research on the effects of violence. The relation between exposure to violence and psychological adjustment had for many been a focus of intense research interest, but the majority of the research has been limited to children and adolescents. In this study, 38 violent incarcerated offenders and 86 nonviolent incarcerated offenders were assessed for their experiences as witnesses to or victims of violent crime during incarceration as well as outside of the prison or jail setting. Tables, figure, notes, and references
Main Term(s): Victimization in prisons
Index Term(s): Corrections victims services; Inmate victims; Institutional violence; Male survivors; Psychological victimization effects; Psychologists role in corrections; Victim attitudes; Victimization; Violent inmates
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