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NCJ Number: 227925 Find in a Library
Title: Exploration of DSM-Oriented Scales in the Prediction of Criminal Offending Among Urban American Youths
Journal: Criminal Justice and Behavior  Volume:36  Issue:8  Dated:August 2008  Pages:840-860
Author(s): Denise Paquette Boots; Jennifer Wareham
Date Published: August 2009
Page Count: 21
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This study examined the comorbidity of various mental health problems and their effect on offending in youth participating in the Project on Human Development in Chicago Neighborhoods (PHDCN).
Abstract: Results of the study indicate a consistent pattern across the life course of oppositional defiant problems increasing the likelihood of future property and violent offending. In addition, the value of using Diagnostic Statistical Manual (DSM)-oriented scales was demonstrated. Research has long suggested comorbidity between mental health and poor life course outcomes such as delinquency. It is thought that the early identification of mental illness in youth is an important goal in examining the relationship between mental disorder and offending. This study applied DSM-oriented scales to a community sample of youth using both multiple informants and prospective data and explored the onset and prevalence of childhood mental disorders as it predicted offending across different stages of the life course within the PHDCN dataset. DSM-oriented scales that allow for distinctions between normal, borderline, and clinical levels of mental health problems were used in logistic regressions to predict the odds of offending across four stages of development. Tables, figures, note, and references
Main Term(s): Juvenile delinquency factors
Index Term(s): Crime prediction; Juvenile delinquency prediction; Juvenile delinquency research; Mental health; Psychological causes of delinquency; Psychological evaluation; Testing and measurement
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