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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 227974 Find in a Library
Title: Vulnerable Young People and Substance Misuse: Expanding on the Risk and Protection-Focused Approach Using Social Psychology
Journal: Child Abuse Review  Volume:18  Issue:4  Dated:July-August 2009  Pages:224-239
Author(s): Victoria Scaife; Margaret O'Brien; Rhona McEune; Caitlin Notely; Abigail Millings; Laura Biggart
Date Published: July 2009
Page Count: 16
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United Kingdom
Annotation: This study explored risk and protective factors for the development of problematic substance use in populations of young people.
Abstract: Findings concluded that risk factors from a range of domains predicted drug misuse, namely characteristics of individuals, characteristics of families and their interactions, school/classroom experiences, peer groups, and wider contextual factors (community, legal, economic, and cultural factors). Findings show that there are a number of well-documented associations between specific risk and protective factors and patterns of substance misuse. Risk factors were not uniformly distributed across the youth population; some subgroups evinced particularly complex and enduring sets of problems. Research on risk and protective factors can be used to identify a subset of membership groups which seem to be at particularly high risk of developing drug/alcohol problems. Risk factors related to such identifiable group memberships can be used to aid the targeting of services/interventions. However, highly vulnerable membership groups are not internally homogenous. Future research should use quantitative methods to more fully establish the proportions of subsets within vulnerable groups (male and female school truants, young people involved in offending who are/are not in local authority care); qualitative methodology can be used to gain a fuller understanding of the reasons behind, connections amongst, and interactions between risk factors. Data were collected from a range of studies, predominantly American work, and including longitudinal work. References
Main Term(s): Drug abuse causes; United Kingdom (UK)
Index Term(s): Educational benefits; Family structure; Family support; Higher education; Juvenile Delinquent behavior; Peer influences on behavior; Positive peer culture; Public education; Risk taking behavior; Socioeconomic causes of delinquency; Sociological analyses; Youth community involvement
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