skip navigation


Register for Latest Research

Stay Informed
Register with NCJRS to receive NCJRS's biweekly e-newsletter JUSTINFO and additional periodic emails from NCJRS and the NCJRS federal sponsors that highlight the latest research published or sponsored by the Office of Justice Programs.

NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Virtual Library collection. To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the Virtual Library. See the Obtain Documents page for direction on how to access resources online, via mail, through interlibrary loans, or in a local library.


NCJ Number: 227984 Find in a Library
Title: Stress and Emotional Reactivity as Explanations for Gender Differences in Adolescents' Depressive Symptoms
Journal: Journal of Youth and Adolescence  Volume:38  Issue:8  Dated:September 2009  Pages:1050-1058
Author(s): Anna M. Charbonneau; Amy H. Mezulis; Janet Shibley Hyde
Date Published: September 2009
Page Count: 9
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This study examined the link between gender and depressive symptoms in adolescence, postulating that stress is a key to the development of depression.
Abstract: Findings indicate that there are many pathways to the gender differences in depression and research on unique pathways can be used to develop specific interventions. Moreover, findings suggest that temperament, specifically withdrawal negativity, may be an especially important factor in the developmental trajectory of depression for females. Temperament or emotional reactivity might be incorporated into screening tools to identify those children and adolescents who might benefit most from early intervention efforts to prevent the first onset of a depressive episode. The study included 315 children and mothers who have participated in a longitudinal study of child development and family well-being since birth. Data were collected through questionnaires and in-home assessments. Child temperament at age 1 was measured with the infant behavior questionnaire. Stressful interpersonal events were assessed at age 15 with a version of the adolescent perceived events scale; depressive symptoms were assessed with the Children's Depression Inventory. Tables, figure, and references
Main Term(s): Childhood depression; Mental health
Index Term(s): Acting out behavior; Adolescent females; Adolescent males; Behavior patterns; Behavior under stress; Behavioral and Social Sciences; Behavioral science research; Child (5-12); Early intervention; Emotional disorders; Gender; Individual behavior; Problem behavior
To cite this abstract, use the following link:

*A link to the full-text document is provided whenever possible. For documents not available online, a link to the publisher's website is provided. Tell us how you use the NCJRS Library and Abstracts Database - send us your feedback.