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NCJ Number: 227989 Find in a Library
Title: Sexual Behavior and Perceived Peer Norms: Comparing Perinatally HIV-Infected and HIV-Affected Youth
Journal: Journal of Youth and Adolescence  Volume:38  Issue:8  Dated:September 2009  Pages:1110-1122
Author(s): Jose A. Bauermeister; Katherine Elkington; Elizabeth Brackis-Cott; Curtis Dolezal; Claude Ann Mellins
Date Published: September 2009
Page Count: 13
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Mental Health
Bethesda, MD 20852
Grant Number: T32 MH19139;R01-MH069133;P30 MH43520
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This study explored the prevalence of sexual behaviors in a sample of predominantly ethnic minority youths perinatally exposed to HIV (PHIV), testing the association between sexual behavior and HIV status.
Abstract: Findings suggest that PHIV youth were less likely to be sexually active. Peer norms exert an important influence on prenatally infected and perinatally exposed youths' sexual behaviors; the role of peer norms was more salient for girls than boys. Youths who reported that a greater number of their peers believed that sexually-active boys were popular and were more likely to report engaging in any sexual behavior, even after accounting for HIV status and sociodemographic characteristics. Gender moderated this relationship, with girls more likely to report engaging in oral sex based upon peer approval. The study found that the sample of PHIV may avoid penetrative sexual activity through delaying sexual onset or by engaging in more touching behavior as harm reduction strategies. Data was collected from the baseline interview of a longitudinal study on risk and resilience with PHIV youth, Project CASAH. Using logistic regression, the study tested the association between sexual behavior and HIV status, demographic characteristics, and peer influence regarding sexual behavior. Tables, figures, and references
Main Term(s): Human Immunodeficiency Virus/Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (HIV/AIDS); Prenatal biological influences
Index Term(s): AIDS/HIV prevention; Behavior patterns; Behavioral science research; Psychosexual behavior; Risk taking behavior; Sexual behavior
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