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NCJ Number: 228013 Find in a Library
Title: What Caused the Decrease in Sexual Assault Clear-Up Rates?
Author(s): Kate O'Brien; Craig Jones; Victor Korabelnikoff
Date Published: December 2008
Page Count: 12
Sponsoring Agency: New South Wales Bureau of Crime Statistics and Research
Sydney NSW 2000, Australia
Sale Source: New South Wales Bureau of Crime Statistics and Research
Level 8, St James Centre
111 Elizabeth Street
Sydney NSW 2000,
Type: Statistics
Format: Document
Language: English
Country: Australia
Annotation: This study explored three possible reasons for the decrease in sexual assault incidents recorded and cleared from 1995 to 2006 in New South Wales (NSW).
Abstract: The key findings that emerged from this study included: (1) there was no evidence that the decline in the sexual assault clear-up rate was due to an increase in time taken by police to identify, arrest, and prosecute offenders; (2) there was little evidence that the decline in sexual assault clear-up rates was due to a change in the way police defined "cleared" status; and (3) the decline in the clear-up rate appeared to be largely attributable to a decrease in the number and proportion of cases where police laid charges against an offender. Over the last decade or so, there has been a marked decline in the proportion of sexual assault incidents cleared by the NSW Police Force. With the exception of St. George-Sutherland, there were statistically significant decreases in clear-up rates in each NSW statistical division or subdivision between 1995 and 2006. The decrease in clear-up rates was uniquely associated with offenses of a sexual nature. This study assessed three plausible reasons for the decrease in sexual assault clear-up rates during this time frame. Tables, figures, references, and appendix
Main Term(s): Sexual assault statistics
Index Term(s): Australia; Clearance rates; Crime Statistics; New South Wales; Offense statistics; Sex offenses; Sexual assault
Note: Crime and Justice Bulletin: Contemporary Issues in Crime and Justice No. 125, December 2008
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