skip navigation


Register for Latest Research

Stay Informed
Register with NCJRS to receive NCJRS's biweekly e-newsletter JUSTINFO and additional periodic emails from NCJRS and the NCJRS federal sponsors that highlight the latest research published or sponsored by the Office of Justice Programs.

NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Virtual Library collection. To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the Virtual Library. See the Obtain Documents page for direction on how to access resources online, via mail, through interlibrary loans, or in a local library.


NCJ Number: 228027 Find in a Library
Title: Hawaii's Swift and Sure Probation
Series: NIJ Update
Corporate Author: National Institute of Justice (NIJ)
US Department of Justice
Office of Justice Programs
United States of America
Date Published: 2008
Page Count: 1
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice (NIJ)
Washington, DC 20531
National Institute of Justice/NCJRS
Rockville, MD 20849
NCJRS Photocopy Services
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
Sale Source: National Institute of Justice/NCJRS
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America

NCJRS Photocopy Services
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
United States of America
Document: PDF
Type: Program/Project Description
Format: Document
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This paper describes Hawaii’s probation program entitled, Hawaii’s Opportunity Probation With Enforcement (HOPE), which focuses on “swift and sure punishment” for violations of probation conditions.
Abstract: Prior to the creation of HOPE, many convicted felons routinely failed to make their appointments with their probation officers, declined to take mandatory drug tests, or took them and failed. Even the worst violators of probation conditions would have to commit many infractions before the police, probation officers, and courts would take action. Under HOPE, on the other hand, violators of probation conditions are arrested. Failing a morning drug test results in immediate arrest, an appearance in court within hours, and a modification in the terms of their supervision to include a short stay in jail. In order to promote ongoing employment, probationers can serve their sentences on a weekend, at least initially. The court ensures that those who need drug treatment, mental health therapy, or other social services attend and complete these programs. Based on the success of the pilot program, the Hawaii Legislature provided the court system with more funding to expand the program. Currently, a full-cost assessment of the fiscal impact of the program is being conducted. Preliminary findings show that a group of methamphetamine-using probationers with records of poor compliance with probation conditions had their rate of missed and “dirty” drug tests decreased by just over 80 percent under HOPE. For 685 probationers who were in the program for at least 3 months, the missed appointment rate fell from 13.3 percent to 2.6 percent, and “dirty” drug tests fell from 49.3 percent to 6.5 percent. The full findings and final report are expected in December 2008.
Main Term(s): Corrections policies
Index Term(s): Hawaii; Probation; Probation conditions; Probation management; Probation violations; Punishment
Note: Reprinted with permission of the American Correctional Association, Corrections Today, December 2008.
To cite this abstract, use the following link:

*A link to the full-text document is provided whenever possible. For documents not available online, a link to the publisher's website is provided. Tell us how you use the NCJRS Library and Abstracts Database - send us your feedback.