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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 228037 Find in a Library
Title: Description of Alcohol/Drug Use and Family History of Alcoholism Among Urban American Indians
Journal: American Indian and Alaska Native Mental Health Research  Volume:8  Issue:1  Dated:1997  Pages:24-40
Author(s): Kathryn Gill Ph.D.; Michelle Eagle Elk B.A.; R. A. Deitrich Ph.D.
Date Published: 1997
Page Count: 12
Sponsoring Agency: US Dept of Health and Human Services
Rockville, MD 20892-9304
Grant Number: AA03527;AA00093;AA09301;5M01 RR00051
Document: HTML
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This study of a sample of 105 American Indians living in Denver, CO, focused on patterns of alcohol consumption, family history of alcoholism, and lifetime and current diagnoses of substance dependence.
Abstract: The study found that 50.5 percent of the sample were either abstinent or irregular drinkers with moderate intake (3.3 drinks per occasion). Binge drinkers (3.8 percent of the sample) consumed large amounts of alcohol per drinking occasion (mean of 21.6 drinks). Regular drinkers (a mean of 11 standard drinks per occasion at least once a week) composed 45.5 percent of the sample. The rate of current alcohol dependence (33.3 percent) and other drug dependence (18.1 percent) was relatively high. For the latter group, cocaine and cannabis were the primary drugs of abuse. Participants with at least one alcoholic parent composed 60.6 percent of the sample; only 11.1 percent of the sample had no primary or secondary alcoholic family members. The authors caution about generalizing from these data due to the use of a nonrandom sampling method. Subjects were recruited through flyers, posters, and advertisements placed in local newspapers, the Denver Indian Center, and Denver Indian Health and Family Services. Subjects were interviewed about their education; employment; past and present drug and alcohol use, including frequency/quantity, beverage type, and pattern of intake; and family history of alcoholism. The drug and alcohol sections of the Diagnostic Interview Schedule were administered to participants in order to determine lifetime and current prevalence of substance dependence. 5 tables and 23 references
Main Term(s): Drug use
Index Term(s): Alcohol abuse; Alcoholic beverages; American Indians; Colorado; Urban area studies
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