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NCJ Number: 228082 Find in a Library
Title: Family Variables that Mediate the Relation Between Intimate Partner Violence (IPV) and Child Adjustment
Journal: Journal of Family Violence  Volume:24  Issue:7  Dated:October 2009  Pages:433-445
Author(s): Ashley E. Owen; Martie P. Thompson; Anne Shaffer; Emily B. Jackson; Nadine J. Kaslow
Date Published: October 2009
Page Count: 13
Type: Research (Applied/Empirical)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This study investigated the mediating roles of several family variables in the relation between intimate partner violence (IPV) witnessing and children’s emotional and behavioral problems.
Abstract: Results of the study revealed that maternal psychological distress and children’s reports of both family cohesion and relatedness quality mediated the link between intimate partner violence (IPV) in the home and children’s psychological adjustment. These family factors had a more powerful effect on children’s internalizing than externalizing symptoms. The findings support the value of targeting these variables in the development of culturally appropriate child witness interventions. IPV, a pattern of coercive behaviors that involves physical or sexual violence, threats of violence, and psychological/emotional abuse of one partner by a current or former partner, is one type of family violence that is most prevalent in the United States. Due to the disproportionately high rates of IPV in the African-American community and the heightened risk of negative psychological consequences of IPV, this study examined family factors (maternal psychopathology, family adaptability and cohesion, relatedness quality) in the mother-child dyad that potentially mediated the IPV exposure, child adjustment link in low-income African-American families. The study consisted of 129 low-income, African-American children ages 8 to 12. Tables and references
Main Term(s): Children of battered women
Index Term(s): Behavior patterns; Behavior under stress; Black/African Americans; Child development; Child victims; Children at risk; Domestic assault; Problem behavior; Psychological evaluation; Psychological victimization effects
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