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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 228099 Find in a Library
Title: Racial and Ethnic Recidivism Risks: A Comparison of Postincarceration Rearrest, Reconviction, and Reincarceration Among White, Black, and Hispanic Releasees
Journal: The Prison Journal  Volume:89  Issue:3  Dated:September 2009  Pages:309-327
Author(s): Virginia McGovern; Stephen Demuth; Joseph E. Jacoby
Date Published: September 2009
Page Count: 19
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This study examined whether Blacks and Hispanic defendants were more likely to recidivate than Whites, controlling for legal factors.
Abstract: The multivariate analyses show evidence of the continued disadvantage Blacks and Hispanics face in the criminal justice system. Data indicate Blacks are more likely than Whites and Hispanics to be rearrested, reconvicted, and resentenced to prison. Blacks and Hispanics pose higher recidivism risks than do Whites. Black and Hispanic offenders are more likely than White offenders to be rearrested and resentenced to prison. Hispanics, however, are no more likely than Whites to be reconvicted, indicating that some proportion of the re-arrests of Hispanics may be unfounded. Although several sentencing studies have found that Hispanics are subjected to harsher punishments, few studies have examined recidivism among Hispanic releases. This article addresses the issue of recidivism to ascertain whether the likelihood of re-arrest is greater for Hispanics than for Whites. The results indicate that such disparity exists and more research is necessary and should include a breakdown of Hispanics by national origin and time to recidivism by race/ethnicity. Data were collected from a database created by the U.S. Department of Justice, which contains information on 142,095 sampled prisoners released from prisons in 15 States in 1994. Tables and references
Main Term(s): Federal criminal justice system; Race-punishment relationship
Index Term(s): Black/African Americans; Black/White Crime Comparisons; Caucasian/White Americans; Class discrimination; Discrimination; Hispanic; Racial discrimination; Recidivism; Recidivism causes; Recidivism statistics; Recidivists
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