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NCJ Number: 228100 Find in a Library
Title: Exercise and the Low-Security Inmate: Changes in Depression, Stress, and Anxiety
Journal: The Prison Journal  Volume:89  Issue:3  Dated:September 2009  Pages:328-343
Author(s): Bobby J. Buckaloo; Kevin S. Krug; Koury B. Nelson
Date Published: September 2009
Page Count: 16
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This study examined the benefits of exercise for low-security inmates.
Abstract: The inmates who exercised reported levels of depression, stress, and anxiety that were significantly lower than those who did not exercise. The score differences between the groups on the Beck Depression Inventory II (BDI-II), the Life Experiences Survey (LES), and the Daily Hassles Survey (DHS) were noticeable despite similarities in age, racial background, current charges, and time served. The link between physical activity and the alleviation of mental and emotional distress is well established in the research literature. Findings in this study suggest that, in addition, exercise is helpful regardless of the type of physical activity. Suspected was that these types of inmates would already have lower levels of emotional distress compared with their medium or maximum-security counterparts, because they leave the prison unit daily to perform jobs in the community, are considered low-flight risks, and have shorter sentences. Furthermore, the reason for incarceration or current charges is important to consider when examining low-security inmates. Data were collected from 60 inmates, classified as low-security and incarcerated by the Oklahoma Department of Corrections. Tables, figure, appendix, and references
Main Term(s): Inmate health; Mental health; Physical training
Index Term(s): Behavior modification; Behavior patterns; Correctional facilities; Emotional disorders; Gender; Individual behavior; Inmate attitudes; Inmate classification; Mental disorders; Nonviolent behavior; Oklahoma; Social conditions
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