skip navigation


Register for Latest Research

Stay Informed
Register with NCJRS to receive NCJRS's biweekly e-newsletter JUSTINFO and additional periodic emails from NCJRS and the NCJRS federal sponsors that highlight the latest research published or sponsored by the Office of Justice Programs.

NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Virtual Library collection. To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the Virtual Library. See the Obtain Documents page for direction on how to access resources online, via mail, through interlibrary loans, or in a local library.


NCJ Number: 228152 Find in a Library
Title: Exploring Long-Term and Short-Term Risk Factors for Serious Delinquency
Journal: European Journal of Criminology  Volume:6  Issue:5  Dated:September 2009  Pages:419-438
Author(s): Andre M. van der Laan; Martine Blom; Edward R. Kleemans
Date Published: September 2009
Page Count: 20
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United Kingdom
Annotation: This study examined both long-term and short-term risk factors for serious juvenile delinquency.
Abstract: Findings from the study indicate that serious delinquency was related not only to an accumulation of long-term risk factors, but also to situational factors, such as lack of tangible guardians and having used alcohol or drugs prior to the offense. Short-term factors did play a role in explaining serious juvenile delinquency. The risk factor approach is one of the dominant paradigms for explaining serious juvenile delinquency with long-term risk factors, such as impulsivity, lack of social skills, inadequate parental supervision, and poor school performance emphasized. Only recently has attention been paid to the effects of situational risk factors, such as the presence of co-offenders and the use of alcohol or drugs. This study examined the relationship between short-term risk factors and serious versus moderate delinquency during adolescence, taking into account an accumulation of long-term risk factors. Hypotheses derived from the Integrated Cognitive Antisocial Potential (ICAP) theory were formulated, with regard to long-term and short-term risk factors. The hypotheses were tested using data from the 2005 WODC Youth Delinquency Survey (a cross-sectional survey carried out amongst adolescents between the ages of 10 and 17) of 292 juvenile delinquents. Tables, appendix, and references
Main Term(s): Juvenile delinquency factors
Index Term(s): Dangerousness; Juvenile delinquency; Juvenile delinquency prediction; Juvenile delinquency research; Opportunity theory; Violence causes; Violence prediction; Violent juvenile offenders
To cite this abstract, use the following link:

*A link to the full-text document is provided whenever possible. For documents not available online, a link to the publisher's website is provided. Tell us how you use the NCJRS Library and Abstracts Database - send us your feedback.