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NCJ Number: 228156 Find in a Library
Title: Understanding Physical Victimization Inside Prisons: Factors That Predict Risk
Journal: Justice Quarterly  Volume:26  Issue:3  Dated:September 2009  Pages:445-475
Author(s): Nancy Wolff; Jing Shi; Jane Siegel
Date Published: September 2009
Page Count: 31
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Mental Health
Bethesda, MD 20852
US Dept of Justice, Office of Justice Programs
Washington, DC 20531
Grant Number: OJP-2004-RP-BX-0012;P20 MH66170
Type: Research (Applied/Empirical)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This study tested the relationship between prison climate and victimization at the corrections facility and individual level.
Abstract: Results indicate that overall prisons with poorer climates were also likely to have poorer outcomes, such as higher rates of inmate-on-inmate and staff-on-inmate victimization. Also, in the individual-level analyses, prisons with younger aged populations, compared to those with older aged populations were more likely to have higher rates of physical victimization perpetrated by other inmates and staff. The effect of inmate characteristics on victimization depended on the type of perpetrator. Younger inmates, Whites, those who thought gang activity was high, and those with convictions involving sexual victimization were more likely to report physical victimization by other inmates. Characteristics increasing the likelihood of being physically assaulted by staff included being non-White, convicted of a violent crime, and higher education. In addition, generally, inmates with non-serious mental illness, but not those with schizophrenia or bipolar disorder, and prior victimization occurring before age 18 were highly vulnerable to both physical assault and property theft victimization. Research evidence on the prevalence of physical victimization inside prison settings has grown. However, considerably less explored were the factors predicting physical victimization. Using a sample of approximately 7,000 male inmates, this study estimated a multilevel predictive model of victimization that includes characteristics of the individual and environment. The study examined the extent to which physical victimization by perpetrator-type varied among facilities and inmate characteristics. Figures, tables, appendix, and references
Main Term(s): Victimization in prisons
Index Term(s): Corrections management; Inmate victims; Institutional violence; Male survivors; Prison management; Prisoner sexual assault; Victimization
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