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NCJ Number: 228173 Find in a Library
Title: Guns, Crime and Social Order in the West Indies
Journal: Criminology and Criminal Justice  Volume:9  Issue:3  Dated:August 2009  Pages:287-305
Author(s): Biko Agozino; Ben Bowling; Elizabeth Ward; Godfrey St. Bernard
Date Published: August 2009
Page Count: 19
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This article examines guns, crime, and social order in the islands of the West Indies.
Abstract: Results show some explanations for the rapid growth in gun violence, focusing on the relationships of drug trafficking, political patronage, and armed violence. The article analyzes the pistolization, or weaponization of the English speaking Caribbean, focusing on an analysis of previous research concerning guns, crime, and social order in former colonies of Great Britain. Specifically, crime data for Trinidad and Tobago for the years 2000-2006, show a steady rise in firearms prevalence in homicide, with gun homicides less likely to be solved than homicides committed by other means. Data collected from interviews with individuals directly involved in policing and security suggests that narco-trafficking is the major security threat to the region, with trafficking in illegal firearms closely linked to the drug trade. Weaponization is related to drug trafficking and although interviewees suggest that reducing drug trafficking would reduce firearms violence, evidence indicates that the problem of guns must be addressed separately. Tables, figures, and references
Main Term(s): Gun Violence; West Indies
Index Term(s): Drug business; Drug offenders; Foreign drug law enforcement; Gang violence; Handguns; Shotguns; Spontaneous violence; Trinidad/Tobago; Violence causes; Violence prediction; Weapons violations
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