skip navigation


Register for Latest Research

Stay Informed
Register with NCJRS to receive NCJRS's biweekly e-newsletter JUSTINFO and additional periodic emails from NCJRS and the NCJRS federal sponsors that highlight the latest research published or sponsored by the Office of Justice Programs.

NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Virtual Library collection. To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the Virtual Library. See the Obtain Documents page for direction on how to access resources online, via mail, through interlibrary loans, or in a local library.


NCJ Number: 228181 Find in a Library
Title: Purell Defence: Can the Use of Alcohol-Containing Hand Sanitizers Cause an Elevated Breath or Blood Alcohol Concentration?
Journal: Canadian Society of Forensic Science Journal  Volume:42  Issue:2  Dated:June 2009  Pages:147-151
Author(s): J.G. Wigmore
Date Published: June 2009
Page Count: 5
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: Canada
Annotation: This article presents a literature review of studies on the absorption of alcohol through the skin when using alcohol-based hand sanitizers.
Abstract: Results conclude that the “Purell Defense” is without scientific basis. This literature review is focused upon prior research on the dermal absorption of alcohol when using low viscosity alcohol-based hand sanitizers. Early studies concluded that absorption of alcohol through the skin was negligible, based upon specific testing using alcohol saturated wraps and rubbing the skin with alcohol prior to surgery. More recent studies tested consumer products that contain alcohol, such as mouthwashes and deodorants, and more specifically, through the use of hand sanitizer by a physician in the hospital. Results from these studies indicate no forensically significant elevation of blood alcohol content from the external application of alcohol or alcohol containing products. Table and references
Main Term(s): Alcohol consumption analysis; Literature reviews
Index Term(s): Analysis; Correlation analysis; Data analysis; Scientific techniques; Testing and measurement; Tissue analysis; Toxic reactions
To cite this abstract, use the following link:

*A link to the full-text document is provided whenever possible. For documents not available online, a link to the publisher's website is provided. Tell us how you use the NCJRS Library and Abstracts Database - send us your feedback.