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NCJ Number: 228299 Find in a Library
Title: Prevention and the Child Protection System
Journal: Future of Children  Volume:19  Issue:2  Dated:Fall 2009  Pages:195-210
Author(s): Jane Waldfogel
Date Published: 2009
Page Count: 16
Type: Issue Overview
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This article examines the effectiveness of preventive maltreatment services for both high-risk and low-risk families by the child protection system (CPS).
Abstract: Every State in the United States has a public child protection system (CPS) that receives and responds to reports of child abuse and neglect. Cases that receive services from CPS on an ongoing basis constitute a minority of those referred and are made up of families who are judged to be at highest risk. Preventive services provided by CPS to high-risk families typically include, case management and supervision, as well other preventive services. However, some States and localities invest some resources into services to prevent maltreatment among lower-risk families, families who do not meet the criteria for ongoing protective services. Most preventive services for lower-risk families often focus on increasing parents' understanding of the development stage of childhood and on improving their child-rearing competencies through education. CPS has an important role to play in preventing maltreatment not just among the relatively high-risk cases, but also among the lower-risk families. This article examines preventive efforts for high-risk families, cases opened for ongoing services with CPS and preventive efforts for lower-risk families, not opened or kept open for services with CPS. 1 table and 40 endnotes
Main Term(s): Child protection services
Index Term(s): Child abuse; Child abuse prevention; Child emotional abuse and neglect; Child victims; Child welfare; Crime prevention measures; Crime prevention planning; Effectiveness; Program evaluation
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