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NCJ Number: 228316 Find in a Library
Title: Functions of Gender Role Traditionality, Ambivalent Sexism, Injury, and Frequency of Assault on Domestic Violence Perception: A Study Between Japanese and American College Students
Journal: Violence Against Women  Volume:15  Issue:9  Dated:September 2009  Pages:1126-1142
Author(s): Niwako Yamawaki; Joseph Ostenson; C. Ryan Brown
Date Published: September 2009
Page Count: 17
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This study examined the mediating influence of gender-role traditionality (GRT), ambivalent sexism, and victim injury and frequency of assault on domestic violence (DV) perception differences between Japanese and American college students.
Abstract: Results indicated that in both groups, GRT was closely related to attitudes toward DV, suggesting that higher GRT may contribute to perceptions that lead to minimizing DV and blaming the victim, as confirmed in a cross-national setting. Both ambivalent sexism and gender are correlated with minimization, victim-blame attribution, and excusing the perpetrator of DV. The purpose of this study was to examine cross-nationally key factors that influence the perception of violence against women. The study included 101 non-Asian American students in the United States and 103 Japanese students in a Japanese university. Participants were informed that the purpose of the study was to examine individuals' responses to an interaction of a couple and how they solved their conflict. Data were collected from responses to a fictitious domestic violence scenario, with a perceived seriousness of violence measure, a victim-blame measure, the excuse-perpetrator measure, the Ambivalent Sexism Inventory, the Sex-Role Ideology Scale, and a demographic survey. Tables, figure, and references
Main Term(s): Attitudes toward victims; Domestic violence causes
Index Term(s): Conflict resolution; Female victims; Foreign offenders; Gender; International; Japan; Male female victim comparisons; Male survivors; Role conflict; Sexual assault victims; Students; US/foreign comparisons; Victim-offender relationships; Victimization models; Victimization risk; Victims in foreign countries; Victims of violent crime
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