skip navigation


Register for Latest Research

Stay Informed
Register with NCJRS to receive NCJRS's biweekly e-newsletter JUSTINFO and additional periodic emails from NCJRS and the NCJRS federal sponsors that highlight the latest research published or sponsored by the Office of Justice Programs.

NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Virtual Library collection. To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the Virtual Library. See the Obtain Documents page for direction on how to access resources online, via mail, through interlibrary loans, or in a local library.


NCJ Number: 228317 Find in a Library
Title: New Look at the Gender Gap in Offending
Journal: Women and Criminal Justice  Volume:19  Issue:3  Dated:July-September 2009  Pages:171-190
Author(s): Callie Marie Rennison
Date Published: July 2009
Page Count: 20
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This study examined the relationship between gender and violent offending.
Abstract: Results indicate that the growing concern over an epidemic about increasingly violent females is not supported; violent offending among females continues to be low. The relative difference in male and female offending rates is best described as stable: 9 of 81 comparisons of ratios were indicative of gender convergence. No evidence of gender divergence was found in the analyses regardless of the years compared, the offender's race, or the offender's age. An important finding from the study did emerge: the importance of accounting for the offender's race and age. Race, age, or gender alone does not predict the rank ordering of offending among groups. In addition, although the study did not test the women's liberation hypothesis, the results did not support the idea that an increase in the equality and independence of women would result in a convergence in offending rates between males and females. Although this study did not test the economic marginalization hypothesis, the results offer some support for it. Finally, these results offer no support for the notion found even in contemporary treatments on gender and violence, that female offending is a growing problem. This study analyzed data collected from the National Crime Victimization Survey (NCVS) from1992 to 2001. Tables, figures, notes, and references
Main Term(s): Gender; Violent offenders
Index Term(s): Age group comparisons; Male female offender comparisons; Race-crime relationships; Violence causes; Violence prediction; Violence prevention; Youthful offenders
To cite this abstract, use the following link:

*A link to the full-text document is provided whenever possible. For documents not available online, a link to the publisher's website is provided. Tell us how you use the NCJRS Library and Abstracts Database - send us your feedback.