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NCJ Number: 228318 Find in a Library
Title: Sentencing Female Drug Offenders: Reexamining Racial and Ethnic Disparities
Journal: Women and Criminal Justice  Volume:19  Issue:3  Dated:July-September 2009  Pages:191-216
Author(s): Matthew S. Crow Ph.D.; Julie C. Kunselman Ph.D.
Date Published: July 2009
Page Count: 26
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This study analyzed the relationship between race/ethnicity and sentencing outcomes for female drug offenders in Florida.
Abstract: Results found that minority female drug offenders were disadvantaged at both the incarceration and sentence length decisions. Based on the results of the main effects models, it appears that perceptions of dangerousness associated with female offenders' race and ethnicity were incorporated into sentencing authorities' patterned responses. Hispanic and Black female drug offenders were considerably more likely than White female drug offenders to be sentenced to prison. Furthermore, it appears that in decisions of sentence length under the less structured Criminal Punishment Code (CPC) sentencing policy, race and ethnicity were important in the development of patterned responses. The main effects models also indicate that the effect of prior record on sentencing outcomes depended on the type of prior record. Female drug offenders with a prior record involving violent offenses may have been viewed as particularly dangerous. Results also seem to indicate that female drug offenders with a prior record of drug offending were viewed as more likely to recidivate and were therefore incarcerated to protect the community. Data were collected from the Florida Department of Corrections and consisted of records for 88,732 female drug offenders sentenced under the 1994 sentencing guidelines and 78,514 female drug offenders sentenced under the CPC between 1993 and 2003. Tables, notes, and references
Main Term(s): Female offenders; Sentencing disparity
Index Term(s): Court personnel attitudes; Drug offenders; Ethnic groups; Florida; Judicial attitudes; Prisonization; Race; Race-punishment relationship; Recidivists; Sentence effectiveness
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