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NCJ Number: 228322 Find in a Library
Title: Typologies of Alcohol Use in White and African American Adolescent Girls
Journal: Substance Use and Misuse  Volume:44  Issue:8  Dated:2009  Pages:1121-1141
Author(s): Sarah Dauber; Aaron Hogue; James F. Paulson; Jenn A. Leiferman
Date Published: 2009
Page Count: 21
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD)
Bethesda, MD 20892-2425
National Institute of Mental Health
Bethesda, MD 20852
Grant Number: MH079044-01;P01-HD31921
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This study examined typologies of alcohol use among White and African-American adolescent girls.
Abstract: Results found differences in the number and characteristics of subtypes of alcohol users for White and African-American adolescent girls, supporting the need for race-specific typologies of adolescent drinkers. A four-group typology was found for White girls, including abstainers, experimenters, moderate drinkers, and heavy drinkers. For African-American girls, only three subtypes emerged: abstainers, experimenters, and problem drinkers. Differences among the subtypes on externalizing and internalizing behaviors were also found, with more problematic subtypes exhibiting higher rates of these problems in both racial groups. Results suggest that for both White and African-American adolescent girls, the most problematic alcohol users were distinguished largely by the presence of co-occurring externalizing problems, particularly delinquency while rates of depressive symptoms were low in general. Limitations and implications of the research are discussed in detail. Data were collected from 2,948 White and African-American adolescent girls using data from the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health. Tables, glossary, and references
Main Term(s): Adolescent females; Alcohol abuse
Index Term(s): Alcohol abuse prevention; Alcoholism detection; Behavior patterns; Black/African Americans; Caucasian/White Americans; Juvenile Delinquent behavior; Mental health; Peer influences on behavior; Risk taking behavior; Underage Drinking
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