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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 228323 Find in a Library
Title: Longitudinal Relations Among Negative Affect, Substance Use, and Peer Deviance During the Transition From Middle to Late Adolescence
Journal: Substance Use and Misuse  Volume:44  Issue:8  Dated:2009  Pages:1142-1159
Author(s): W. Alex Mason; Julia E. Hitch; Richard L. Spoth
Date Published: 2009
Page Count: 18
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute on Drug Abuse
Bethesda, MD 20892-9561
Grant Number: 5R01DA018 152-02
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This study examined longitudinal relations among negative affect, substance use, and peer deviance from ages 16 to 18 years.
Abstract: Results show at age 16 negative affect was a positive statistical predictor of age 18 substance use, controlling for prior substance use. Although the estimated effect was not large in magnitude, this finding is consistent with certain prior research which suggests that some individuals may turn to substance use to escape from or cope with their symptoms of negative affect. However, other studies have not supported the self-medication hypothesis among teens. There were several estimated effects of the covariates on the primary variables in this study: early substance use at age 11 was associated with a higher level of substance use from age 16 to 18. Increased substance involvement during the transition from middle to late adolescence appeared to be driven more by proximal factors, such as negative affect in middle adolescence, than by distal indicators of early substance use. Although male gender was associated with peer deviance in expected ways, it was negatively related to substance use in middle adolescence, indicating that boys were less likely than girls to use substances at age 16; and impulsivity was a significant positive predictor of negative affect at age 16. Data were collected from Project Family, a panel study of rural sixth graders and their families, some of whom participated in brief universal substance use preventive interventions. Tables, figures, and references
Main Term(s): Juvenile drug abusers; Problem behavior
Index Term(s): Behavior modification; Behavior patterns; Behavior under stress; Drug prevention programs; Early intervention; Family intervention programs; Juvenile rehabilitation; Juvenile social adjustment; Peer influences on behavior; Risk taking behavior; Underage Drinking
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