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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 228338 Find in a Library
Title: Report of the 2002-2008 Paternity Testing Workshops of the English Speaking Working Group of the International Society for Forensic Genetics
Journal: Forensic Science International: Genetics  Volume:3  Issue:4  Dated:September 2009  Pages:214-221
Author(s): Anni Ronfeldt Thomsen; Charlotte Hallenberg; Bo Thisted Simonsen; Rikke Breinhold Langkjaer; Niels Morling
Date Published: September 2009
Page Count: 8
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: Ireland
Annotation: This article presents the results of the 2002-2008 Paternity Testing Workshops of the English Speaking Working Group (ESWG) of the International Society for Forensic Genetics (ISFG), whose objective was to evaluate the uniformity of DNA-profiling and conclusions of the participating laboratories, as well as to clarify tendencies in laboratories’ typing strategies and biostatistical evaluations.
Abstract: The workshops 2002-2008 showed an increasing degree of concordance of methods and applied systems. The observed errors involved only 0.1 percent - 0.3 percent of all PCR-based STR allele results. Currently, most discrepancies are due to clerical errors rather than differences in phenotype or nomenclature. The tendency of using the same commercial kits accounts for some of the uniformity in the results. Also, recommendations for nomenclature policy have contributed to improved consensus. Generally, there was high uniformity in the conclusions of the paternity testing exercises. The only discrepancy was in the 2005 exercise, in which the alleged father was closely related to the biological father. Still, the majority of the laboratories correctly excluded paternity and hypothesized a close genetic relationship between the biological and the alleged father. Most laboratories use computer programs for biostatistician calculations. Still, the paper challenges showed a significant variation in the formulas used by the participants, especially when rare alleles, inconsistencies, or silent alleles were present. Most laboratories consider the possibility of mutational events, but a large number of different formulas were used for calculating the likelihood ratio (LR), leading to significant variation in the total LRs. Silent alleles arise when the allele size is outside the range of measurement or when mutation in primer-binding site has occurred. The recommendation from the Paternity Testing Committee of the ISFG is to consider the possibility of silent alleles when only one allele is observed. 10 tables, 1 figure, 9 references, and appended listing of participating laboratories
Main Term(s): Criminology
Index Term(s): Crime laboratories; DNA fingerprinting; Forensic sciences; Investigative techniques; Parentage determination
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