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NCJ Number: 228381 Add to Shopping cart 
Title: NIJ Journal Issue No. 264
Journal: NIJ Journal  Issue:264  Dated:September 2009  Pages:1-35
Editor(s): Philip Bulman
Date Published: September 2009
Page Count: 35
Document: PDF
Type: Program/Project Description
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: Six articles present research findings and describe programs funded by the National Institute of Justice (NIJ) that have contributed to the goals and objectives of criminal justice.
Abstract: One article describes NamUs, the first national repository for missing persons and unidentified decedent records accessible to law enforcement agencies, medical examiners, coroners, and the public. A second article examines State and Federal laws that authorize the collection of DNA samples from persons who are arrested but have not yet been convicted of a crime, as well as debates and court cases that have ensued from these laws. Another article reports on a study that evaluated the effects of SANE (Sexual Assault Nurse Examiner) programs in a large Midwestern county on how far sexual assault cases progressed through the criminal justice system during the years before and after the programs started. The study found a statistically significant increase in prosecution rates and convictions after SANE programs started. A fourth article describes the features and potential functions of mobile forensics laboratories that can be delivered to even the remotest areas. A fifth article presents the results of a rigorous evaluation of Chicago's CeaseFire program, which proved to reduce shootings in crime-plagued neighborhoods. A key component of the overall strategy was to use reformed ex-gang members as "violence interrupters" in interacting with gang leaders and members to develop alternatives to gun violence for dealing with conflict. A sixth article contrasts differing theories of trends in terrorist organization, recruitment, and location held by two of the country's leading terrorism experts.
Main Term(s): Criminology
Index Term(s): Arrest procedures; Automated police information systems; DNA fingerprinting; Firearm-crime relationships; Illinois; Missing person investigation; Mobile crime laboratories; Rape investigations; Sexual assault victims; Terrorist tactics; Violence prevention
Note: For individual articles, see NCJ-228382-87.
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