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NCJ Number: 228410 Find in a Library
Title: Radicalization of U.S. Prisoners
Journal: Criminology and Public Policy  Volume:8  Issue:3  Dated:August 2009  Pages:561-592
Author(s): Bert Useem; Obie Clayton
Date Published: August 2009
Page Count: 32
Sponsoring Agency: National Consortium for the Study of Terrorism and Reponses to Terrorism (START)
College Park, MD 20742
National Institute of Justice (NIJ)
Washington, DC 20531
US Dept of Homeland Security
Washington, DC 20528
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This study examined the potential threat posed to the United States by the radicalization of prison inmates.
Abstract: The actual probability of prisoner radicalization found in this study was modest, with correctional institutions responding with urgency to the threat of radicalization. The reasons for a low level of radicalization were fourfold: (1) the increase of order in prison; (2) the creation of a boundary between prison and potentially radicalizing communities; (3) the efforts by agency leadership to infuse their agency with an anti-radicalization mission; and (4) the educational profile of inmates compared with the educational profile of terrorists within the United States and abroad. The radicalization of prisoners is one of the most discussed yet least studied aspects of the domestic terrorism threat. Prisons serve as a catchment area for society’s most dangerous, and often most troubled, individuals. There are those that claim that prisons are a “breeding ground” for terrorism. However, the fact that an offender, after release, becomes involved in terrorist activity does not sufficiently demonstrate that the prison experience caused his radicalization. In examining the possible threat posed by the radicalization of prison inmates, this study argued that four factors have produced the low-level radicalization. Figures and references
Main Term(s): Inmates
Index Term(s): Collective violence; Correctional facilities; Correctional institutions (adult); Corrections effectiveness; Corrections management; Correlation analysis; Terrorism causes; Terrorism/Mass Violence; Violence causes; Violent inmates
Note: Special issue on Homeland Security and Terrorism for additional articles see NCJ-228405-09.
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