skip navigation


Register for Latest Research

Stay Informed
Register with NCJRS to receive NCJRS's biweekly e-newsletter JUSTINFO and additional periodic emails from NCJRS and the NCJRS federal sponsors that highlight the latest research published or sponsored by the Office of Justice Programs.

NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Virtual Library collection. To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the Virtual Library. See the Obtain Documents page for direction on how to access resources online, via mail, through interlibrary loans, or in a local library.


NCJ Number: 228420 Find in a Library
Title: Reciprocal Relations of Protective Behavioral Strategies and Risk-Amplifying Behaviors with Alcohol-Related Consequences: Targets for Intervention with Female College Students
Journal: Journal of Alcohol and Drug Education  Volume:53  Issue:2  Dated:August 2009  Pages:7-30
Author(s): Aaron M. Luebbe; Shiloh Varvel; Kim Dude
Date Published: August 2009
Page Count: 24
Document: HTML
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This study examined the impact on the negative consequences of drinking alcoholic beverages of “protective behavioral strategies” (such as eating food while drinking and keeping track of the number of drinks consumed) and “risk-amplifying behaviors” (such as the use of illicit drugs in combination with alcohol and driving while intoxicated) for 189 female college undergraduates.
Abstract: The study determined that the sampled women were engaging in high-risk episodic drinking on a moderate basis; they reported experiencing mild to moderate negative consequences from their alcoholic beverage consumption. The extent to which the women engaged in “protective behavioral strategies” (PBS) was not significantly related to experiencing fewer negative consequences at either time 1 or time 2 over and above alcohol consumption. This indicates that the women did not experience immediate benefits of using PBS. This lack of an association may result from controlling for both the quantity and frequency of drinking, which was not done previously. In further analysis, the study found that women initially practicing more PBS were likely to experience a reduction in future negative consequences, likely due to an evolutionary reduction in the amount and frequency of alcohol consumption. On the other hand, engaging in “risk-amplifying behaviors” (RAB) was related to experiencing more negative drinking consequences, even when controlling for consumption. This effect was similarly robust at both time points. The findings thus suggest that RAB is an important concurrent predictor of increased negative consequences from alcoholic beverage consumption; for example, a woman who has unprotected sex when drinking is more likely to experience negative effects (possibly pregnancy or sexually transmitted disease). This finding suggests that risk-amplifying behaviors associated with the effects of alcohol consumption warrant interventions and prevention efforts that target these behaviors, so as to reduce the number and effects of negative drinking consequences. 30 references and appended items that measured PBS and RAB
Main Term(s): Underage Drinking
Index Term(s): Alcohol abuse prevention; Campus alcohol abuse; Drug effects; Problem behavior; Underage Drinking Programs
To cite this abstract, use the following link:

*A link to the full-text document is provided whenever possible. For documents not available online, a link to the publisher's website is provided. Tell us how you use the NCJRS Library and Abstracts Database - send us your feedback.