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NCJ Number: 228440 Find in a Library
Title: Trajectories of HIV Risk Behavior From Age 15 to 25 in the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth Sample
Journal: Journal of Youth and Adolescence  Volume:38  Issue:9  Dated:October 2009  Pages:1226-1239
Author(s): Debra A. Murphy; Mary-Lynn Brecht; Diane M. Herbeck; David Huang
Date Published: October 2009
Page Count: 14
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute on Drug Abuse
Bethesda, MD 20892-9561
Grant Number: P30DA016383
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: Data from the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth (NLSY) were used to examine youths' sexual-risk trajectories that may put them at risk for HIV, as well as factors associated with various risk trajectories.
Abstract: For both males and females, consistently higher risk levels for HIV increased to early adulthood, followed by some decrease, as measured by the frequency of sexual intercourse, the number of partners, and the number of times the respondent and her/his partner used condoms. Substance use was measured by the frequency and amounts of alcohol consumed and the use of various types of drugs. There was a short period of increase in risky behaviors to the late teens, followed by a longer period of decrease. More African-Americans were found among the "decreased-trajectory" group. Among the low-risk group, a higher number of youth came from families with parents who spoke a language other than English. The high-risk group had a higher percentage of subjects in nonmetropolitan areas and highest alcohol use. Among males, being employed and being in the military were associated with inclusion in the high-risk group. The findings suggest that efforts to prevent risky behaviors associated with HIV infection should develop distinctive strategies that target various high-risk groups with different patterns of sexual and substance-use risk. Study data were drawn from the 1997 NLSY. The purpose of the NLSY was to longitudinally track adolescents as they transitioned from school to work. In addition to extensive education and employment measures, the survey included data on the youths’ attitudes and behaviors, including sexual risk and delinquency behaviors, substance use, family background, and mental health variables. The 1997 NLSY consisted of a nationally representative sample of 6,748 youth and an over-sample of Black and Hispanic youth who were born between 1986 and 1984. 2 tables, 6 figures, 1 appendix, and 52 references
Main Term(s): Juvenile health services
Index Term(s): AIDS/HIV prevention; AIDS/HIV transmission; Juvenile drug use; Longitudinal studies; Risk taking behavior; Sexual behavior
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