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NCJ Number: 228460 Find in a Library
Title: Child Sexual Abuse, Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder, and Substance Use: Predictors of Revictimization in Adult Sexual Assault Survivors
Journal: Journal of Child Sexual Abuse  Volume:18  Issue:4  Dated:July-August 2009  Pages:367-385
Author(s): Sarah E. Ullman; Cynthia J. Najdowski; Henrietta H. Filipas
Date Published: August 2009
Page Count: 19
Sponsoring Agency: US Dept of Health and Human Services
Rockville, MD 20892-9304
Grant Number: 13455
Type: Research (Applied/Empirical)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This study examined possible mechanisms through which childhood sexual abuse (CSA) might contribute to increased risk of sexual revictimization in a community sample of female adult sexual assault (ASA) victims.
Abstract: Results indicate that child sexual abuse (CSA) predicted more posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms in adult sexual assault victims. PTSD numbing symptoms directly predicted revictimization, whereas other PTSD symptoms (re-experiencing, avoidance, and arousal) were related to problem drinking, which in turn predicted revictimization. The numbing symptoms and problem drinking might be independent risk factors for sexual revictimization in adult sexual assault victims, particularly for women with a history of CSA. Increased risk of sexual revictimization in women previously sexually assaulted in childhood, adolescence, or adulthood is a phenomenon well documented in the research literature. This study examined childhood sexual abuse, PTSD, and substance use as possible predictors of sexual revictimization in female adult sexual assault survivors over the course of 1 year. The study analyzed mail survey data from a longitudinal study of sexual assault survivors consisting of two waves of data collection occurring a year apart. The study sample consisted of 555 participants. Tables, figure, notes, and references
Main Term(s): Child Sexual Abuse
Index Term(s): Abused children; Alcohol abuse; Child abuse; Child victims; Drug abuse; Multiple victimization; Post-trauma stress disorder (PTSD); Sexual assault; Sexual assault victims; Victimization; Victimization risk
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