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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 228525 Find in a Library
Title: Fatalities Caused by Spherical Bullets Fired From Blank Cartridge Guns in Istanbul, Turkey
Journal: Journal of Forensic Sciences  Volume:54  Issue:5  Dated:September 2009  Pages:1127-1130
Author(s): Ibrahim Uzun, M.D.; Yalcin Buyuk, M.D.; Zerrin Erkol, M.D.; Hasan Agritmis, M.D.; Ziya Kir, M.D.
Date Published: September 2009
Page Count: 4
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This study reports on 59 fatalities caused by blank-cartridge guns in Istanbul, Turkey, that had undergone simple modifications.
Abstract: Because of the legal obstacles and costs of obtaining a legal gun in Turkey, young people in particular are obtaining blank-cartridge guns. These guns are generally sold in toy markets without a legal license required. Anyone over 18 years old can purchase these guns. When modified or even unmodified, these guns can cause serious and potentially fatal injuries. Without any changes to the barrel, using blank or tear-gas cartridges, firing at contact range can also cause penetration into a human body. Simple modification of these guns by discarding the barrier in the barrel makes these guns propel small spherical, mostly handmade bullets. The 59 fatalities examined in the current study resulted from modified blank-cartridge guns. The great majority of the victims were males, whose ages ranged from 11 to 61 years old. Approximately 56 percent of these cases were homicides, and 39 percent were suicides. The right temporal region was the preferred area of entrance for suicidal shots. In trial shots, all of the guns used discharged steel or lead spherical objects that were generally 4 or 5mm in diameter. Based on these findings as well as other similar studies reported in the literature, the authors recommend that these guns be considered handguns under the law. This study retrospectively analyzed the autopsy reports of the Council of Forensic Medicine of Turkey between January 2003 and October 2006, with an emphasis on firearm-related fatalities. There had been no blank-cartridge gun fatalities before 2003, so the starting point of the analysis was 2003. 3 tables, 4 figures, and 12 references
Main Term(s): Criminology
Index Term(s): Citizen gun use; Firearms deaths; Foreign criminal justice research; Handguns; Homicide; Juvenile gun ownership; Suicide; Turkey
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