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NCJ Number: 228526 Find in a Library
Title: Sequences of the Cytochrome C Oxidase Subunit I (COI) Gene are Suitable for Species Identification of Korean Calliphorinae Flies of Forensic Importance (Diptera: Calliphoridae)
Journal: Journal of Forensic Sciences  Volume:54  Issue:5  Dated:September 2009  Pages:1131-1134
Author(s): Seong Hwan Park, Ph.D., M.D.; Yong Zhang, Ph.D., M.D.; Huguo Piao, M.D.; Dong Ha Yu, B.S.; Hyun Ju Jeong, B.S.; Ga Young Yoo, B.S.; Tae-Ho Jo, Ph.D.; Juck-Joon Hwang, Ph.D., M.D.
Date Published: September 2009
Page Count: 4
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: Since there has been no research on the cytochrome c oxidase subunit I (COI) nucleotide sequences of Korean Calliphorinae flies, this study reports the full-length sequences of the COI gene of four Calliphorinae fly species collected in Korea (five individuals of Calliphor vicina, five Calliphor lata, four Triceratopyga calliphorides, and three Aldrichina grahami).
Abstract: The findings indicate that COI nucleotide sequence analysis is suitable for species identification of Korean Calliphorinae flies. Furthermore, the results can be a reference for the future taxonomic revision in the subfamily Calliphorinae. The intraspecific sequence distances range from 0.0 to 0.4 percent; whereas, interspecific distances range from 3.8 percent to 6.4 percent, which indicates that species-level identification is possible with these sequences. The percent distances were calculated between the data for the current study and previously reported sequences. The phylogenetic tree generated from the current data and previously reported sequences of Calliphorinae species revealed a parphyly of the genus Calliphora. A. grahami, Eucalliphora latifrons (E. latirfrons AF295557), T, calliphoroides, and Cynomya cadaverina (C. cadaverina AF259505) occupied positions scattered among the species in the genus Calliphora. This phylogenetic result coincides with taxonomic views on the genera Aldrichina and Eucalliphora by Rognes and Whitworth, which consider genera Aldrichina and Eucalliphora as synonymies for the genus Calliphora. This suggests that the genus Triceratopyga may also be a synonymy for the genus Calliphora. 3 tables, 1 figure, and 24 references
Main Term(s): Criminology
Index Term(s): Death investigations; Foreign criminal justice research; Forensic sciences; Investigative techniques; Korea (South); Time of death determination
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