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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 228544 Find in a Library
Title: Domestic Homicide Followed by Parasuicide: A Comparison with Homicide and Parasuicide
Journal: International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology  Volume:53  Issue:5  Dated:October 2009  Pages:497-516
Author(s): Marieka Liem; Michiel Hengeveld; Frans Koenraadt
Date Published: October 2009
Page Count: 20
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This study examined homicide-parasuicides (unsuccessful suicide attempt by the perpetrator) to determine if these acts are an expression of homicide or of suicidal behavior, or a unique type of lethal violence.
Abstract: Findings indicate that homicide-parasuicide cannot be interpreted as a variation of homicidal or suicidal behavior but is a unique phenomenon; homicide-parasuicide constitutes a different category of lethal violence with regard to demographic, individual, and event-related characteristics. Few studies have examined the differences between homicide-suicide compared with homicides and suicides. Due to the nature of homicide-suicide, where both victim and perpetrator die, there is little detailed information. This study overcomes this limitation by studying homicide followed by a failed suicide of the perpetrator. Nearly 9,000 cases were screened, with the final analysis consisting of 570 individuals accused of a domestic homicide; 77 committed a serious parasuicide following the offense. These cases when compared to homicides and parasuicides, showed that demographic characteristics of homicide-parasuicide corresponded to studies of successful homicide-suicides. The majority of perpetrators were White males in their 30s, of low socioeconomic status, and with a high degree of psychopathology. Data were collected from cases at the Pieter Baan Centre, a forensic psychiatric observation hospital in the Netherlands. Tables, notes, and references
Main Term(s): Homicide; Netherlands; Suicide
Index Term(s): Family homicide; Filial violence; Homicide investigations; Mental disorders; Patricide; Suicide causes; Violence causes
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