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NCJ Number: 228555 Find in a Library
Title: General Biosocial Paradigm of Antisocial Behavior: A Preliminary Test in a Sample of Adolescents
Journal: Youth Violence and Juvenile Justice  Volume:7  Issue:4  Dated:October 2009  Pages:279-298
Author(s): Michael G. Vaughn; Kevin M. Beaver; Matt DeLisi
Date Published: October 2009
Page Count: 20
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD)
Bethesda, MD 20892-2425
Grant Number: P01-HD31921
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This study explored and tested a general biosocial theoretical model of antisocial behavior.
Abstract: Along with measures of genetic polymorphisms, neurocogintive skills, self-control, and environmental pathogens, a recursive path-modeling strategy was used to empirically examine the relations between these biosocial measures and forms of antisocial behavior. Results were generally supportive of the general biosocial liability model. Findings showed that the dopamine transporter gene (DATI) and the dopamine D2 receptor gene (DRD2) were significantly predictive of new recognitive functioning. Respondents with more DATI risk alleles or with more DRD2 risk alleles had reduced neurocognitive skills. Consistent with the general contours of the biosocial liability model, DATI was positively associated with delinquent peers, and DRD2 was positively associated with maternal withdrawal. The findings suggest that exposure to environmental pathogens by males with vulnerable genotypes may begin to differentially set an individual onto an antisocial pathway as opposed to a prosocial one, a finding consistent with the overall model. Data were collected from 1,136 adolescent males from a nationally representative sample of 80 high schools and 52 middle schools. Table, figures, appendix, notes, and references
Main Term(s): Antisocial attitudes; Genetic influences on behavior
Index Term(s): Adolescent males; Behavior modification; Behavior patterns; Behavior typologies; Behavioral science research; Biological influences; Group behavior; Individual behavior; Juvenile Delinquent behavior; Problem behavior; Social psychology; Socialization
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