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NCJ Number: 228558 Find in a Library
Title: Neighborhood Disadvantage, Alchol Use, and Violent Victimization
Journal: Youth Violence and Juvenile Justice  Volume:7  Issue:4  Dated:October 2009  Pages:331-349
Author(s): Sarah Browning; Patricia Erickson
Date Published: October 2009
Page Count: 19
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute on Drug Abuse
Bethesda, MD 20892-9561
Grant Number: R01-DA11691-01A1
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This study examined the impact of neighborhood and individual level factors as predictors of violent victimization in high school students in Canada.
Abstract: Results indicate that programs designed to decrease alcohol use should also be able to reduce violence, particularly in disadvantaged neighborhoods. It also suggests that discussions of the increased risk of violent victimization should be included in such programs. Disadvantaged neighborhoods had higher proportions of nondrinkers and lower likelihoods of both minor and major victimization. Higher levels of collective efficacy were found to be associated with a lower risk of major victimization. In terms of the protective ability of families, results indicate that increases in family efficacy are associated with reduced risks of both minor and major victimization. Family efficacy represents a middle ground between purely structural measures and heavily relational measures. Finally, while other studies found non-White youth experienced more violence than their White counterparts, this study found that only those who reported "mixed" race were at a higher risk of victimization. Data were collected from 983 school children in grades 9 through 12 in Toronto, Canada between October 2001 and May 2002. Tables, notes, and references
Main Term(s): Canada; Victimization risk
Index Term(s): Neighborhood; Parent-Child Relations; Public schools; Racially motivated violence; Social control; Socioeconomic causes of delinquency; Spontaneous violence; Underage Drinking; Victims of violent crime; Violence causes; Violence prediction; Violence prevention
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