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NCJ Number: 228561 Find in a Library
Title: Individual and Environmental Effects on Assaults and Nonviolent Rule Breaking by Women in Prison
Journal: Journal of Research in Crime and Delinquency  Volume:46  Issue:4  Dated:November 2009  Pages:437-467
Author(s): Benjamin Steiner; John Wooldredge
Date Published: November 2009
Page Count: 31
Sponsoring Agency: American Statistical Assoc
Alexandria, VA 22314-1943
Bureau of Justice Statistics (BJS)
Washington, DC 20531
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This study examined inmate and facility effects on the prevalence of assaults and nonviolent rule infractions committed by female inmates housed in State correctional facilities during 1991 and 1997.
Abstract: Several of the effects examined were significant predictors of both violent and nonviolent rule infractions, including an inmate's age, ethnicity (Hispanic), children, prior incarceration, sentence length, abuse history, prearrest drug use, and mental health, as well as the facility-level effects of crowding and security level. Other effects were significant predictors of only one of the two outcomes, including an inmate's race, marital and cohabitation status, and committing offense type, and program participation and work assignment. Inmate rule breaking is disruptive to the security and order of correctional facilities. While some studies have been conducted on females inmates, most focused only on one institution, prohibiting the examination of environmental effects on misconduct. Drawing from micro- and macro level theories of social control, this study used national samples of female inmates selected from roughly 40 State correctional facilities during 1991 and 1997 to examine the relative effects of inmate and environmental characteristics on assaults and nonviolent misconduct. Tables, appendix, notes, and references
Main Term(s): Inmate misconduct
Index Term(s): BJS Grant-related Documents; Environmental influences; Female inmates; Female offenders; Females; Institutional violence; Violent females
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