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NCJ Number: 228581 Find in a Library
Title: Role of Local Police: Striking a Balance Between Immigration Enforcement and Civil Liberties
Author(s): Anita Khashu
Corporate Author: Police Foundation
United States of America
Date Published: April 2009
Page Count: 256
Sponsoring Agency: Police Foundation
Washington, DC 20036
Publication Number: ISBN 978-4-884614-23-1
Sale Source: Police Foundation
1201 Connecticut Avenue, NW
Washington, DC 20036
United States of America
Type: Legislation/Policy Analysis; Report (Study/Research)
Format: Book (Softbound)
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This report presents the findings of a Police Foundation nationwide project that examined the views of law enforcement agencies, public officials, and community stakeholders regarding the use of local law enforcement agencies in enforcing Federal immigration laws.
Abstract: This policy analysis was prompted primarily by 1996 Federal legislation known as the U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement’s (ICE) 287(g) program, which authorizes Federal officials to enter into written agreements with State and local law enforcement agencies to perform the functions of immigration officers, including the investigation, apprehension, and detention of persons suspected of violating Federal immigration laws. The overall conclusion of the project is that the costs in lost community support for local and State police and their general public-safety mission, along with increased financial costs to State and local law enforcement agencies, outweigh the benefits of the ICE 287(g) program. Focus groups held throughout the country and discussions at a national conference on immigration issues concluded that State and local police officers should be prohibited from arresting and detaining persons for the sole purpose of investigating their immigration status in the absence of probable cause that an independent State criminal law has been violated. The recommendations further advise that if a local agency enters into the 287(g) program, its participation should focus on serious criminal offenders and be limited to verifying the immigration status of criminal detainees as part of the 287(g) Jail Enforcement Officer program. In addition, those agencies that participate in the 287(g) program should develop policies and procedures for monitoring officers’ racial profiling and abuse of authority. Further, in order to ensure that the mission and goals of community policing are preserved, agencies participating in 287(g) should involve representatives of the affected immigrant groups in their communities in the development of local immigration policies. 6 figures; 1 table; 38 references; and 14 appendixes that include a focus group summary, results of a relevant national survey, conference papers, and sample police agency policies on immigration enforcement
Main Term(s): Police policies and procedures
Index Term(s): Community policing; Immigration offenses; Municipal police; Police community relations programs; Police-minority relations; Profiling
Note: Downloaded October 26, 2009
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