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NCJ Number: 228586 Find in a Library
Title: DAT1 and 5HTT Are Associated with Pathological Criminal Behavior in a Nationally Representative Sample of Youth
Journal: Criminal Justice and Behavior  Volume:36  Issue:11  Dated:November 2009  Pages:1103-1114
Author(s): Michael G. Vaughn; Matt Delisi; Kevin M. Beaver; John Paul Wright
Date Published: November 2009
Page Count: 12
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD)
Bethesda, MD 20892-2425
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This study explored the genetic antecedents of chronic and dangerous criminal behavior using two genetic measures, dopamine transporter (DAT1) and serotonin transporter (5HTT).
Abstract: Results show that for chronic antisocial behavior measured by the respondent's number of police contacts, DAT1 is consistently predictive for the full sample, the White subsample, and the Black subsample. The effect has stronger statistical significance among Whites than Blacks. For all three models, the effects of DAT1 were conditioned by the friendship network within which an individual imbedded. 5HTT was related to chronic offending among African-American youths with low numbers of delinquent peers. The control variables were related to chronicity and dangerousness in the expected directions. Age was inversely related to both dimensions of career criminality; younger respondents tended to accumulate a greater frequency of police contacts, even for dangerous crimes. Males were significantly more likely than females to amass police contacts and engage in violent behavior; gender was a stronger biological correlate of career criminality than genetic polymorphisms. Data were collected from more than 90,000 students between the ages of 11- and 19-years-old beginning in 1994 from 132 middle and high schools. Tables and references
Main Term(s): Genetic influences on behavior; Youth (Under 15)
Index Term(s): Behavioral science research; Crime prediction; Criminality prediction; Violence prediction; Violent-nonviolent behavior comparisons
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